Without even being aware of it, you can be suffering from a hereditary illness.
The two of you are considering starting a family, so what should you do next?
Keeping track of your ovulation, taking a folic acid supplement, and reducing the amount of wine you drink are all things that you are already aware of.
According to Mary Jane Minkin, M.D., a board-certified obstetrician and gynecologist who is also a clinical professor at Yale University School of Medicine, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) also suggests that women arrange a pre-pregnancy planning session with their obstetrician. Her recommendation goes beyond the aforementioned recommendation.
During that planning session, you and your significant other will be able to determine whether or not you need to be concerned about passing on any genetic abnormalities, as well as ensure that you are both healthy and ready to begin having children.
Before you make an effort to conceive, your doctor may want you to take into consideration the following:
Examinations of the Blood for Genetic Disorders
It is possible that you are a carrier of a genetic illness without even being aware of it right now.
According to Sheri Lawson, M.D., the division director of general obstetrics and gynecology at Johns Hopkins Medicine, blood tests are frequently recommended for various genetic disorders. These disorders include cystic fibrosis, which is characterized by the accumulation of thick mucus that causes damage to the organs of the body; Tay-Sachs disease, which is a condition that causes the destruction of nerve cells in the body; and sickle trait, which is a gene linked to sickle cell disease, which is a group of blood disorders.
The advice that Minkin gives is that if it turns out that you are a carrier of a certain trait, it will be beneficial to examine your spouse as well. “The reason for this is that if you are a carrier of a recessive gene and your partner is also a carrier of that gene, there is a possibility that the fetus could get two of the recessive genes, and end up with that particular problem,” the researcher said.
According to Lawson, if it turns out that both you and your spouse are carriers, you still have the option of undergoing in vitro fertilization so that testing may be performed on the embryo.
A Test for Glucose:
These women are also at an elevated risk for both stillbirths and cesarean sections, according to Lawson. Patients who have diabetes that is not well managed have a higher chance of having an excessive fetal growth throughout pregnancy as well as having a kid who has extremely low blood sugar after delivery.
In addition, blood testing for HIV, hepatitis B or C, and syphilis might be a good idea if you are at a greater risk for experiencing any of these diseases. There is a possibility that the infant might be infected with HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis, according to Lawson. Syphilis can also create problems.
A Checking of the Medication Line
“It is always a good idea to meet with your prospective obstetrician to make sure that all of the medications that you are taking are okay for pregnancy,” adds Minkin. “This is something that you should do immediately.”
There are a few classic examples: women who have a history of epilepsy and take particular drugs, women who have high blood pressure, and women who are suffering from depression should all have their prescriptions evaluated by a medical professional. Minkin explains that there are some drugs that are more effective than others, and it is important to make sure that you are taking the appropriate meds.
As a result, it is essential to take into consideration getting a glucose test before to conceiving if you are extremely overweight or if you have any reason to believe that you may have diabetes. According to Minkin, a hemoglobin A1C test will keep track of your blood sugar levels over a period of three months and determine whether or not there is any anomaly discovered.
The Test of the Thyroid Function
Lawson states that if a woman has hypothyroidism and her body does not produce a enough amount of the thyroid hormone that is necessary for the proper development of the baby, the fetus may experience growth limitation.
Women who get biopsies throughout their pregnancies may experience greater cramping and bleeding than they would if they were not pregnant.
On the other hand, she points out that if you have antibodies that are overstimulating your thyroid gland, those antibodies may cross the placenta and cause the baby to have a big thyroid. Considering the fact that thyroid diseases may be difficult to diagnose, have a look at the experiences of these three ladies.
Troubles with the thyroid may be identified with a simple blood test.
A Pap smear examination
Pap smears should be performed every two to three years, according to the most recent guidelines; but, as long as you are up to date, you do not necessarily need another pre-pregnancy test. Should it be more than that amount of time? According to Minkin, hiring a photographer would be ideal.
Lawson explains that this is due to the fact that in the event that you do have any anomalies, or even if you may need any biopsy treatments, the doctors will prefer to do these before you get pregnant. She makes the observation that biopsies performed during pregnancy might cause individuals to experience greater cramping and bleeding than they would when they are not pregnant. This is because of the increased blood flow to the region during pregnancy.
A STI Test
According to Lawson, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises that women who are 25 years old or younger have a chlamydia screening on a yearly basis. This is in part due to the fact that if you contract chlamydia, it may create scarring in the fallopian tubes, which can make it more difficult to conceive future children.