Dangerous 45-fold increase in measles cases in Europe
There was a “alarming” 45-fold increase in the number of measles cases that were registered in Europe in the preceding year, as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO).
The authorities in charge of public health have asked for “urgent measures” to be implemented in order to prevent the sickness from spreading further. This is taking place as the number of cases that have been recorded continues to rise.
Approximately 42,200 instances were reported in 2023, which is a significant increase from the total number of 941 occurrences that took place in 2022.
In the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that a decreased number of children and adolescents got immunizations.
According to a warning that was issued this week by public health experts in the United Kingdom, poor vaccination rates have the potential to rapidly transmit the very dangerous measles epidemic that is now spreading throughout the West Midlands to the cities and towns that are situated in close proximity to the West Midlands.
It is estimated that more than 3.4 million young people in England, who are regarded to be under the age of 16, are not receiving the immunizations that are required to prevent them from being infected with the illness.
An extensive vaccination campaign is now being carried out, and millions of parents and guardians are being called in order to encourage them to schedule appointments for their children to get vaccines against measles. Following the administration of the first dose of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination, which is provided when the kid is around one year old, the second dose of the immunization is administered when the child is approximately three years and four months old.
The vaccination provides superior protection against measles; nevertheless, only around 85 percent of children in the United Kingdom who are of primary school age have had both shots. This is despite the fact that the vaccination gives greater protection against measles.
“Not only have we witnessed a thirtyfold increase in the number of measles cases in the region, but we have also witnessed nearly twenty thousand hospitalizations and five deaths that were caused by measles,” stated Dr. Hans Kluge, the regional director at the World Health Organization, while assessing the situation in Europe. It raises a lot of major concerns.
“Vaccination is the only way to protect children from this potentially dangerous disease.”
Any person, regardless of their age, is susceptible of experiencing severe symptoms of measles. After a week or two, the appearance of the rash and the high fever typically disappears in the majority of cases. Complicacies such as pneumonia, meningitis, blindness, or convulsions may, nevertheless, manifest themselves in very uncommon circumstances.
Some of the people who are most likely to get the illness are those who are immunocompromised, pregnant women, and babies who have not yet received their first dose of the vaccination. The measles virus has the potential to cause a low birth weight, stillbirth, or miscarriage in the event that it is contracted during pregnancy. These outcomes are known as the possible outcomes.
The delivery of extra vaccinations must to be enhanced, and all of the countries in Europe ought to be prepared to react rapidly in the event that measles epidemics occur.
According to the World Health Organization, measles infected people of all ages in the preceding year on average. This information was recorded.
The number of cases linked with persons aged twenty and older was only one out of every five, whereas the number of cases related with children aged one to four years old was associated with two out of every five occurrences.
A total of twenty thousand nine hundred eighteen persons in Europe were admitted to hospitals as a consequence of measles during the months of January and October of the year 2023. During the same time period, measles was responsible for the deaths of five individuals in two distinct nations.
The impact that the outbreak had was
On the other hand, by the year 2022, the proportion of Europeans who had gotten their first dose of the measles-preventing MMR vaccination had decreased to 93%, which was much lower than the 96% who had received it in 2019. On the other hand, throughout the same time period, the proportion of individuals who took the second dose dropped from 92% to 91%.
nearly the course of those two years, there was a relatively little decrease in the number of persons who received the measles vaccination. As a result, nearly 1.8 million children and adolescents in Europe did not get the vaccination.
In this era, the World Health Organization reports that the pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus had a substantial influence on the functioning of the immunisation system, which led to an increase in the number of children who were not vaccinated or who had received insufficient vaccinations.
According to the paper, the danger of measles spreading across borders and within communities is greatly enhanced as a consequence of the growth in worldwide travel and the lack of social-distancing mechanisms. This is particularly true among individuals who have not received an adequate amount of vaccines.
To the notice of the World Health Organization (WHO), it has been brought to their attention that even nations that have achieved the status of measles eradication may still be suffering significant outbreaks of the disease.
It has been said that in order to forestall the growth of the extremely infectious illness known as measles, it is of the utmost importance that ninety-five percent of youngsters in every community get the vaccine, which is delivered in two doses.